How do I design high traffic websites?-7 Helpful Tips for Managing High Traffic Websites
When there is a huge traffic in a particular website, it can “break”.
Like you can have a few moments of power outage where the website freezes completely, none of the links on the page seem to work, or you get a white screen or gibberish screen.
That’s basically when a website is broken.
But technically speaking, a website does not break. It’s the server on which the website is hosted who is the culprit. Maybe the server didn’t have enough resources to compensate for such high traffic as per the plan you chose.
For starters, to reduce the load on the server, make sure you’re not pinging it too many times per request.
You’re using on-the-fly services like footer Java scripts, CDN, caching, etc. All this can be taken care of with a nice caching plugin or code.
Next, upgrade your server resources to the next level if your website tends to break under huge traffic.
Last, always remember to code clean so that such problems don’t exist, no matter what your website is about.
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Your Web hosting matter!
If you’re still using the shared hosting plan you used when your site was small, it’s time to upgrade to something more dependable.
Shared plans lack the bandwidth to handle high traffic, and your host may penalise your site if it uses more than its allotted share of server capacity on a regular basis.
The traffic load of other sites on the server also has an impact on how well your site performs, so if other users have a high visitor volume, your site’s reliability may suffer.
A virtual private server (VPS) or dedicated server hosting plan is better suited for sites with a high daily traffic volume.
A single server is divided into multiple virtual environments in VPS hosting. Each operates as if it were its own server, and the number of sites sharing resources is much lower than on a shared hosting plan.
With a dedicated server, your high-traffic website has its own physical server.
You may personalise your VPS or dedicated hosting environment, but setup and maintenance can be time demanding.
Managed hosting, especially for WordPress sites, helps with installation, upgrades, and server maintenance.
The best host for your site is one that can manage the maximum number of visits while maintaining excellent uptime. Look for plans with ample RAM and bandwidth, and assess the average page load speed.
Choose your Hosting Wisely
CHOOSE YOUR HOSTING WISELY On a typical SHARED HOSTING account, you might be sharing server space with dozens of other companies, and the speed of your website is affected by the number of people using that server.
If shared hosting no longer meets your needs, it might be time to consider DEDICATED HOSTING, where you alone have access to the server, or a VPS(virtual private server), a physical computer partitioned into multiple servers each running its own operating system.
When people view your site, their browsers save certain components of the pages, such as content and scripting.
Much of this content is static or consistent across the site, and thus does not require repeated requests to display.
By caching this type of content, a substantial number of requests between browsers and servers are eliminated.
While utilising a CDN is one technique to increase the caching of your static files, there are additional caching solutions available.
If you’re using WordPress, plugins such as Cache Enabler or Cacheify combine multiple optimisation strategies to speed up content loading.
Additionally, you can take advantage of browser caching by changing files’ expires headers. This might potentially be adjusted in order to improve caching performance, depending on the current time interval chosen for each static file type.
For content that is changed on a less frequent basis than dynamic elements, the expires header can be set to a longer interval, allowing the website to refresh only when necessary.
Leverage Caching Browser caching stores cached versions of static resources, a process that quickens page speed tremendously and reduces server lag.
When a user visits a page on your website, the cached version will usually be served unless it has changed since it was last cached; this saves a lot of requests to your server and as a result makes it faster.
High-traffic websites should use a content delivery network (CDN). A CDN is a global network of servers that optimises content delivery for local users.
Traditionally, site material is hosted on a single server, while some servers offer many locations (learn more about CDN hosting vs traditional web hosting).
This slows content delivery to remote places. Due to increasing latency, users further away from the server take longer to load.
A CDN caches static files across numerous servers and delivers them from the nearest location to the visitor.
Larger websites implement CDNs to make sure their visitors from around the world have as fast an experience as possible .I implement CDN on all my websites, you can even create your own cdn ,or use www.cloudflare.com its free.
Use expires headers.
Use expires headers. When a user visits your website, your website files will be stored on their computer so that your website loads faster for them the next time the visit, there’s an expiration date in the file header that determines how long these files will be stored on their computer, however.
This expires header is usually set to 24 hours by default. You can configure the expires header so that the files never time out, or you can increase the expiration date significantly so that it doesn’t impact your server and page load time.
Enable compression. You can compress resources to lower the number of bytes a page is sending over a network.
You will need to optimize your content for compression by creating consistency across your HTML and CSS code.
Implement New Image Formats
Implement new image formats to reduce the size of your images .
Switching between different-sized and different-quality images to save bandwidth using tools like Picturefill and Adaptive Images can help.
Adopting new image formats, such as WebP and JPeg XR, can also help reduce image weight by 20 to 50 percent without sacrificing quality.
Without warning, malicious assaults can take your website down. Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) assaults are particularly severe, exploiting the effects of a large number of page requests to slow down a website.
These attacks bombard your website with requests from various IP addresses in an attempt to overwhelm it.
Although the motivation of an attacker is not always evident, the consequences can be severe, particularly for online enterprises.
Additionally, cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks inject malicious scripts into your site, granting attackers access to visitor-browser data.
Scripts can be installed on a server, returned in data such as search results, or embedded in browsers to modify how requests are processed.
All XSS assaults are insidious and have the ability to undermine the credibility of your website.
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